|Bones Muscle Power
By Steve Wolfson
If one were to take a survey asking, “Why did you purchase a Rottweiler”, “Why this breed over others”, it would certainly elicit intriguing answers. I cannot say for sure what the attraction others had to the Rottweiler when first encountered, however for me, it was his raw masculine appeal, his unique head and the impressive musculature and power he exuded. From his appearance, one could easily understand that this was a serious dog! Not alone in this view, many other Rottweiler aficionados have recognized this hallmark of the breed and expressed a similar perspective as well. After all, is not the “look” of a dog that makes the first and lasting impression? Surely, his breed type is what makes the Rottweiler unique
The Germans understood the Rottweiler’s distinction when they came together to codify the standard at Heidelburg, Germany in 1907. They were deliberate when articulating and fixing the appearance of the Rottweiler, which is why the standard uses detailed language in its description of this essential aspect of breed type. The standard was modified since 1907, but the general appearance of the Rottweiler has not. Reading the current standard, one finds the word “powerful” written 6 times, “bone” mentioned 3 times and “muscle” mentioned 5 times. No other words have such repetition when describing the details.
Excerpts from the standard:
“The ideal Rottweiler is a medium large, robust and powerful dog - Dogs are characteristically more massive throughout with larger frame and heavier bone than bitches - His bone and muscle mass must be sufficient to balance his frame, giving a compact and very powerful appearance - Neck- Powerful, well muscled - Loin is short, deep and well muscled - Legs are strongly developed with straight, heavy bone - Upper thigh is fairly long, very broad and well muscled - Lower thigh is long, broad and powerful, with extensive muscling - His movement should be balanced, harmonious, sure, powerful and unhindered, with strong forereach and a powerful rear drive ”
Despite his distinctive breed type and the words used in the blueprint to describe it, a negative, subtle change has occurred over the years, which ultimately is disastrous to his appearance.
Currently in the US, which is observable both in the show-ring and out, is a great loss in the general power of the breed’s masculine design. Now, a rarity and an oddity, the once major factor in the breed’s appeal, its power and substance, were put on the “back burner” in many breeding programs. One must look carefully to find this trait; the breed has lost its distinction.
On the street, we encounter Rottweilers that are a poor representation of once was. They possess “pin heads”, narrow, snipey, muzzles, and spindly bones, no muscle mass and shallow frames. To the knowledgeable, these Rottweilers appear to be a mix breeding, although they are not. To the unknowledgeable, they appear to be correct!
In the show-ring, this problem has crossed the boundaries. One should expect poor examples of the breed on the street since they are comprised of non-show dogs. However, the show ring should be the exception. Presently, many exhibits share the same problem of their street cousins and are only a notch or two above. Many exhibits that enter the show-ring are constructed well but are also as weak in substance, spindly in bones and musculature as their pet counterparts are. Now, when a dog or bitch that is in the ring with correct breed type, exuding power and substance, it appears as the “odd man out”. A strong masculine dog or powerful bitch seems strange among exhibits with spindly frail bodies and Doberman-like heads. To the newbie's and unknowledgeable judges, it is untypical and put at the end of the line. Often, I have heard that a female, which possesses strong bones, muscle and a powerful head, is now deemed “too strong” and considered a “doggy bitch”. What was once correct and typical is now abnormal. The dogs, which should embody power and masculinity, are now so weak in type they can be considered “beautiful females”!
WHAT ARE CORRECT BONES AND MUSCLES?
The standard does not give a numerical value for the appropriate bone mass or muscle, only a verbal guide. Therefore, to state a formula, “Dog x must have y amount of bone and muscle to be correct is not possible.” To understand what is appropriate for the correct amount for these attributes, one must refer to the blueprint. From the standard: “His bone and muscle mass must be sufficient to balance his frame, giving a compact and very powerful appearance.”
A reasonable guide when assessing an exhibit, one should ask, “Does this exhibit exemplify a powerful appearance”? - “Is the bone and muscle mass substantial, so that its appearance exudes power”? One should be impressed with the overall appearance for power, muscle and bones.
A. BONE MASS
Bones mass should be thick enough in width so that it appears to support the frame of the dog in a substantial and powerful manner, without being refined, elegant, too massive or grotesque.
The place to visually assess the bone mass on a Rottweiler, correct or incorrect, is the thickness in the radius/ulna and humerus. When making an evaluation, the dog is presented “head on” so that the full width of the chest (from East to West) can be seen. If a numerical evaluation for the thickness of the bones is desired, it is measured by using a tape measure and wrapping it around the circumference of the pastern (see Fig.1). Here is where the least amount of skin, muscle and tendon can be found. Correct bone mass is correlated to the height. The taller the dog, the more bone mass it should possess, compared to dogs of lesser height. Additionally, bone mass should always be proportionate and balanced to the frame of the dog. “Out of balance” is not correct. Good examples of this are the extremes. They are exhibited when a tall dog possess long, fine bones of the radius/ulna and humerus, giving the appearance of spindles, or when a short dog possesses too strong bone mass appearing like “tree trunks”. These dogs are “out of balance”. The Rottweiler is not a St. Bernard or a Dobermann.
B. MUSCLE MASS
The general muscle mass should be substantial, well defined and in proportion to the frame of the dog so that it exudes strength, masculinity and athleticism. The muscles should be apparent, yet not overpowering, like the Bull and Pit Bull Terriers’. The muscle groups that comprise this “appearance” are the muscles of the front and rear assembly.
In the front assembly, the muscles of the shoulders, the upper arm and forearm should be well developed and obvious. These muscle groups are the Deltoids, Biceps, Triceps and the Extensor muscles of the radius/ulna. In the rear assembly, the muscles of the Gluteus and Biceps Femoris should be well developed and defined. Viewing the rear muscles from the back, the depth and width of the Biceps Femoris and Gluteus should be full, supporting the Femur (see Fig.2). Here is where all forward locomotion begins.
C. THE CORRELATION OF MUSCLE AND BONE
With human body-building, the muscles can be developed, shaped and improved, with discipline, hard work, good nutrition and much sweat. However, improvement has limits, since body-building is dependent upon the size, mass of the muscle groups and bone substance. In essence, “you are what you inherited”. The thin framed, fine boned man or woman will always work harder and strain longer to build bulk and definition in the muscle tissue. With this body type, a major factor is bone mass! Strong bone mass is supported by thick muscles. The same principles hold true for the Rottweiler.
Dogs and bitches that are fine boned possess muscles, which are light in their mass and often show little or no definition. This type, will always work very hard to make strides improving and developing what it inherited from the pedigree. Conversely, there are those dogs/bitches, which impress us with their natural well-developed musculature and powerful bone mass. Their musculature is correlated to their robust bone mass.
BREED TYPE IS A STEPCHILD
Why is the great majority of Rottweilers here in the states, (especially in the show ring), not uniformly masculine in type with powerful muscle and bones, which is specified in the standard? Why have they become slight in bone, shallow in substance, and soft in appearance? The answer is breed type has become a stepchild.
In the US, the accent is on the best possible construction demonstrated by superior gait. Those dogs, which display this attribute, are the ones that win in the show-ring. Placing the accent on this attribute is both good and problematic. It is good since all concerned breeders have this as one of
their goals in mind when planning their next litter. Sound construction, in accordance with the breed standard is essential. All exhibitors want to win in the show-ring; therefore, many breeders make superior gait their only goal. With this as their prime directive, many breeders have made a detrimental detour; they traded breed type for locomotion. This is problematic.
Often, at ringside, one can hear spectators and breeders alike say, “Oh that dog moved beautifully with great reach and drive”, “It was well put together.” Yes, that could be said however, the dog looked more like a Doberman than a Rottweiler. Excellent construction with outstanding gait is not breed type. These two attributes are separate entities in a breeding program and are not mutually interchangeable or should be misconstrued for breed type.
Over the years, the masculinity of the Rottweiler, here in the states, has slowly eroded. Its masculine power and substance, clearly specified in the standard, has been oozing away. Spindly, fine bones with narrow long muzzles and smooth body lines have replaced broad top skulls, wide, short muzzles and powerful bones and muscles. Working character has also eroded and replaced with many Rottweilers that are shy and lack confidence in their temperament. This is a negative and detrimental trend. Once set in motion, it is extremely difficult to reverse. One only has to see our European and International counterparts by comparison to understand the differences in breed type and working temperament. In the international community, the accent is placed on breed type and working temperament.
Some would argue there is nothing to improve. All is well within the Rottweiler and breed type is where it should be. That is a myopic view. It is valuable and healthy for all concerned to step “out of the trenches” and obtain an international perspective by making comparisons with our domestic breeding program and our international counterparts. Exchanging ideas and methods to improve genetics and techniques will benefit all. Additionally, it is extremely important to promote and make available more breed seminars in all Rottweiler clubs. There, is where real progress is achievable in an open dialog exchanging opinions and ideas. The benefactor of this is the Rottweiler.
Fiftieth Anniversary of the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub, Powerhorn Press, 1978
American Rottweiler Club Standard, May 1990
Dog Anatomy-Illustrated, Way Robert VMD, MS Dreenan Press 1974
Der Rottweiler, Korn Hans 1939
The Rottweiler Pyramid
by Steve Wolfson Correct breed type is disappearing!
The powerful bone substance and definitive masculinity of the Rottweiler we once apprized is now hard to find. Replacing these traits are pinheads, fine bones, distilled facsimiles. Not only is breed type on the decline, so is correct working Rottweiler temperament. In its place we now have, shy, soft, little to no “willingness to work” temperaments. Few Rottweilers in the show-ring and outside it could make the transition from that to the working arena. At the conformation/working spectrum, with rare exception, what we encounter are the extremes; they are beautiful show specimens either with no working temperament or on the working side, great working temperaments with poor structure and marginal breed type. How did this happen?
When enthusiasts decide to purchase a new puppy or a breeder selects breeding partners for their future litters, they draw conclusions and evaluate their choice from a narrow perspective using only a specific aspect of the breed as their criteria. For example, some breeders only seek to use the construction of the Rottweiler as their mark of excellence. They demand only the best angulated, the most correct fronts and rears as their guide for breeding partners omitting other important aspects that comprise the whole picture. Some only use health certifications as their guide. They will only breed or keep dogs that have attained all the necessary certifications such as OFA, heart and CERF clearances, dismissing from the formula, breed type, construction and gait. From a long-term breed viewpoint, this single-aspect criterion is myopic and disastrous. Is there a guide to facilitate a comprehensive approach to the breed without sacrificing one aspect for another?
The answer is yes.
Euclid, the Greek mathematician, stated in his axiom, “the whole is equal to the sum of its parts.” Despite this being of mathematical relevancy, we can apply this statement to help guide us in a more complete understanding and evaluation of the Rottweiler. By using a “Rottweiler Pyramid”, where each element of the Rottweiler is prioritized in a hierarchal order of importance, Breed Type, Temperament, Construction, Locomotion, one can view each part on its own merits. Once a thorough understanding of these related elements is achieved, a complete and balanced picture results. It should be the goal of every breeder to incorporate all of these aspects into a breeding program.
(Note: For this essay, I have distilled the topics down to their basic, large block ideas. I also have omitted health clearances from the pyramid, since they are a prerequisite for breeding, showing and training. It would be foolish to pursue a show/sport career with a dog that possessed dysplasia or other serious health issues further than as a personal companion)
1. Breed Type
Number one in the pyramid is Breed Type. The description of it comprises 85% of the standard, its major and defining aspect. Its correct understanding is the foundation of any breeding program, evaluation for judgments in the conformation ring and the first rung on the ladder for the complete understanding of the Rottweiler.
In this area, some prefer to take shortcuts by reinterpreting the standard and taking liberties with its translation, instead of traveling the more difficult path by reading and completely understanding its blueprint. Without a thorough and broad perspective about breed type (or any other segment of the standard), one can only build a house of understanding that is incomplete. This argument, that many do not understand or know what “correct” breed type is, can easily be proofed with the fine boned, narrow muzzles, pinhead, absence of masculinity exhibits we now encounter in the show ring and obviously on the street. An excellent and easy test for “knowledge of breed type” is asking the simple question, “What is Breed Type?” Many have great difficulty with the answer. When asked this question exhibitors and owners have articulated breed type as “excellent gait”. Some say it is “correct temperament”.
Yet others define it as “performance on the working field”. None are correct. Breed Type should be defined as “the essence of characteristics that distinguishes it from others."(1) In simpler terms, it is the appearance of the breed, which separates it from others. Is that not what first attracts us to the Rottweiler?
In the show ring, where we should see only the best examples of type, save for a small percentage that is not, we see the lack of correct breed type abundantly demonstrated. Currently here in the states, many exhibits do not possess the minimum essentials in head and body type. In fact, many heads and bodies are at best, only sufficiently correct and do not possess the implied masculinity of the breed. The most defining aspect of correct breed type, the Rottweiler head, the breed’s icon, should have great prominence. The standard devotes detail to its description with its “Broad between the ears, broad muzzle at the base, moderate arch of the topskull, pronounced stop, zygomatic arch and specified 3 to 2 skull to muzzle ratio.” In essence, the head is powerful, substantial and impressive. Yet, so many exhibits now possess the opposite of what is correct, a long, soft in appearance narrow muzzle, shallow zygomatic arch and stops. This creates a head type, which recedes in to the body having no prominence. The power and strength specified in the standard for the muzzles and topskull is not there; the heads are hound-like.
In correlation with the details of correct head type, are the details of correct body type. The standard specifies, "His bone and muscle mass must be sufficient to balance his frame, giving a compact and very powerful appearance." The standard is direct with its specifications on body type with the key words of compact, powerful and muscle mass. The bone should be ample in proportion to the size of the body, the muscles mass should be strong and well defined and the body length should appear to be short and compact. There should be not doubt in appearance concerning the amount of bone mass, muscle mass and compactness of the body. However, what we encounter are fine and spindly bones, long bodies, little to no muscle mass and definition.
The underlying theme in the standard for the Rottweiler is masculinity. Correct breed type requires it. The standard does not specifically mention this word; it is implied. Even the bitches should possess power and substance without weakness. Softness, slight in build, refined, feminine are not words to use when describing or having a mental picture of the breed.
The second tier on the pyramid and essential aspect of the standard is temperament. Without correct temperament, all other aspects or traits, even if they are of superior quality, have little value! It is important to understand what correct temperament is and how to evaluate it. From the standard, “The Rottweiler is basically a calm, confident, courageous dog… A Rottweiler is self-confident and responds quietly and with a wait-and-see attitude to influences in his environment.
He has an inherent desire to protect home and family, and is an intelligent dog of extreme hardness and adaptability with a strong willingness to work, making him especially suited as a companion, guardian and general all purpose dog.”
What is correct temperament? How can we recognize it?
We must take our template from the standard. Ideally, he is a calm, confident, courageous dog of extreme hardness and adaptability with a strong willingness to work. Few Rottweilers fit the ideal of the standard, which can demonstrate all of its positives. More likely, they measure up or down in differing levels. Because he is working dog, we must test and evaluate these differing levels of temperament through his work.
Albeit, the show ring is largely popular here in the states and in the international community, many rely solely on a dog’s behavior within the show ring as a demonstration of temperament. This is dangerous because it does not give us any keen insights to the complete spectrum of temperament; its main purpose is to evaluate conformation. Some would say that the show ring does give us a window into the dog’s nature. However, exhibiting and gaiting in the conformation ring can only demonstrate the extreme problems in a dog’s temperament, such as the inability to stand for an examination, shy, nervousness or viciousness. It has extremely limited value when assessing the complexity of temperament.
The Germans use the term “Belastbarkeit”, a dog’s capacity, whether high, medium or low, to sustain its drive, tractability and nerve under the conditions and pressures of work. In Germany, they place a high value in the dog’s level of courage and its ability to deal with stress. There, the minimum test is the Zuchttauglichkeitsprufung (breed suitability test where the dog is tested for its courage and stress level); one cannot breed their Rottweiler unless it has passed the “Ztp”. They also believe that the attainment of a working title is a demonstration of Belastbarkeit.
By putting a Rottweiler through its paces in its attainment of a working title, be it a CD, CDX, Tracking, Sch, etc., we gain valuable information about the strengths and weakness of its temperament. In some countries, the attainment of a working title is so highly prized, that a conformation championship title is only awarded when a working title has been previously achieved. Assessing character, the dog’s ability to deal with corrections, stress, and its level of enthusiasm while working, tells us much about its mind-set. Without this knowledge of temperament, one cannot have a complete picture for a breeding program.
Third in the pyramid is construction, a balanced, harmonious musculo/skeletal system in accordance with the blueprint of the standard. Understanding the construction of a Rottweiler is analogous to the building of a house. The builder (breeder) must adhere to the architect’s design (the standard), maintain a stable foundation and alignment of walls (the skeletal system), while creating continuity so that all the segmented parts of the house work together harmoniously (the locomotion of the dog).
As a breeder, owner or exhibitor, it is important in the complete understanding of Rottweiler construction, to acquaint oneself with the skeletal anatomy of the dog.
The standard dictates how the proportions and ratios, angles and layout of the skeleton should be so that the Rottweiler can gait with the highest efficiency in harmony with its breed type. This insures that its architectural design will best suit the Rottweiler for its task as a multi-purpose working/guard dog.
A house must have structural integrity. Walls must be plumb, materials used in the construction must have strength to withstand ware and tear, and parts must work. This applies to the Rottweiler as well. Front and rear legs must be balanced, strong and straight, the back must be firm but flexible, angulations must be ample enough to support proper reach of the front and drive of the rear. There should be symmetry and harmony of the working parts as well as a defined amount of muscle mass to support the skeletal frame.
Like temperament, correct construction is the by-product of a thoughtful, careful, breeding program. A Rottweiler cannot develop good construction from within. With the exception of building stronger or larger muscle mass via a weight gaining and conditioning program, when a dog possesses an incongruity or imbalance in the skeletal system, it cannot be corrected. A short upper arm, long in the back, shallow sternum, east-west feet, low pastern, poorly angulated croup, etc. impedes efficiency. These problems are inherited from the pedigree. We have often heard exhibitors and breeders say, “Don’t worry, he’ll out grow this or grow into that.” Unfortunately, ugly ducklings do not become swans! Problems related to the skeletal structure are indelible and take many generations to improve or correct. The most direct path for correct construction is to breed with pedigrees that possess it.
Fourth in the pyramid is locomotion. Because the Rottweiler was used for driving cattle, its modality for locomotion is demonstrated in the trot. Unlike the other aspects in this pyramid, construction and locomotion have inexorable linkage in that; exemplary gait is the result of outstanding structure. When a Rottweiler is correct in construction, according to the blueprint of the standard, this balanced skeletal architecture produces an unrestricted, harmoniously flowing powerful gait.
Unfortunately, few Rottweilers possess construction with such a high degree of balance and harmony that they move with this ideal effortless grace. Similar to the levels of temperament, locomotion has differing levels of efficiency dependent upon the correctness of construction or conversely, the amount of imbalances within the dog. The more “imbalances” or incorrect construction the dog possess in its angulations and ratios, the more impedance occurs to free flowing gait.
The best perspective to assess locomotion is to view the dog, going away, coming towards and in the side gait. When the dog moves going and coming, we assess its lateral displacement, which has influence on the lateral center of gravity. A correct front and rear assembly stabilizes the dog and prevents him from excessive side-to-side movement, similar to the effect of torsion bars in a car. Incorrect construction such as, out at the elbow, east–west feet, crossing over, moving wide and fiddle fronts etc., destabilizes the center of gravity. These incongruities produce impedance, which requires more energy, puts stress on the bones and muscles and leads to fatigue.
In the side gait, we assess all the moving parts working together. Once in the trot and at a reasonable speed, not to fast or slow, the mechanics of the musculo/skeletal structure is set in motion. Here, we can observe the reach, the drive of the rear, spring of step, amount of ground covered, and temperament in the dog’s “willingness to perform,” an important element. Within the side gait, we observe many examples of locomotion from exemplary to the unharmonious.
Occasionally, we encounter a dog that appears to be sound in structure when standing still, but during the examination of the side gait, they show a short stride of the front legs and rear legs, or a mix of this with a correct front stride, but short rear drive. Here, a problem may exist that does not easily reveal itself. That is why gaiting in a small ring or by moving the exhibits once around does not do justice for the complete assessment. Adding to this mixture is the exhibit that is pushed or cajoled around the ring. Outwardly, the dog appears good in construction and theoretically should gait correctly but for some reason it has “no willingness to perform.” This is one example of how temperament plays a factor in gait.
The field of canine gait is complex and requires a good knowledge of anatomy, mechanics, breed type and purpose. It is important for the concerned breeder and student of the breed to gain at least a proficient knowledge of these topics to understand Rottweiler locomotion.
1. The Priority of Breed Type in the Rottweiler, Wolfson, Steve, Steve Wolfson publisher, 2003
2. The Dog in Action, Lyon, MacDowell, Howell Book House publisher, 1982
CRATE TRAINING YOUR
GERMAN ROTTWEILER PUPPIES
WHY CRATE TRAIN?
Crate training is an excellent way to housebreak your Rottweiler puppy and control it's sometimes destructive puppy behavior, like chewing on your furniture! Crate training assists in housebreaking by using a dog's natural instinct to not soil it's den. Some people may think crate training is "cruel", when in fact, crate trained Rottweilers enjoy their crate as a safe, quiet place to retreat when they are tired or want to be left alone. Further, crate training assists you in training your puppy to avoid undesirable behaviors when your puppy can't be watched and ensures that your puppy gets the rest it needs.
Probably the most compelling reason for crate training your Rottweiler puppy is in the event your rottweiler requires care from a veterinarian. Having your dog at ease with being restrained to a crate may someday make the difference in your puppies well being, or even its survival.
WHAT SIZE AND STYLE OF CRATE SHOULD I BUY?
Select a crate that is large enough for the Rottweiler puppy or dog to turn around in and comfortably lie down. A crate that is too large will allow a young Rottweiler puppy to eliminate in a corner, while remaining comfortable lying elsewhere. With most wire crates and some plastic crates, you can purchase divider panels which can be adjusted or removed as the puppy grows. A puppy may require more than one crate to accommodate it while it grows.
For Rottweiler puppies under one year of age, it is much safer for your pup to be crated in a plastic airline style kennel (i.e. Vari-Kennel) or aluminum dog box. With this type of crate, your pup is less likely to injure itself by getting a paw, leg or jaw stuck. For older Rottweiler dogs, wire crates provide better air circulation and are roomier. Fold-down, suitcase-style wire cages (i.e. Midwest, Precision) are also portable and easy to set up and take down. These types of cages generally work best for dogs that are already crate trained. Soft crates are made out of denier nylon, nylong mesh and aluminum, and are lightweight and portable for travel. They are not; however, recommended until your Rottweiler dog is thoroughly crate trained, and should be used only when you are in close proximity to your dog as they can be easily broken out of or chewed through.
For most full-grown adult rottweilers, an extra-large crate will accommodate most males, and a large or extra-large crate will accommodate most female Rottweilers.
WHAT IS SAFE TO PUT IN A CRATE?
Don't be tempted to buy blankets, pads or beds for inside the crate if you have a young Rottweiler puppy. Not only will they usually become expensive chew toys and present a choking hazard, but they interfere with effectively housebreaking your pup. Rottweiler Puppies do not want to lay in their urine, and using absorbent material in a puppy's cage allows your pup to eliminate, while staying dry and comfortable.
Nothing should be placed in the crate with a puppy or dog except a safe chew toy, such as a nylabone or kong. Stuffed kong toys provide enjoyment for your dog while contained to a crate and prevent boredom.
Water and food can be placed in your Rottweiler puppy's crate when you are close by to supervise. Keep in mind that young Rottweiler puppies need to eliminate immediately after eating and drinking, as a puppy can only "hold it" for very short periods of time. A good rule of thumb is that a puppy will need to eliminate every x number of hours, with x being the age of the puppy in months, plus 1. (i.e. a 2 month old puppy will need to eliminate every 3 hours, a 7 month old Rottweiler puppy will need to go at least every 8 hours).
NEVER EVER leave your Rottweiler puppy or dog in a crate with it's collar on! If your dog catches it's collar on the crate, it can seriously injure or choke your dog!
HOW TO CRATE TRAIN YOUR ROTTWEILER PUPPY
The goal in crate training your puppy is to make it's crate a safe and enjoyable place. A crate should never be used for discipline or bad behavior.
1. Feed your Rottweiler puppy in it's crate with the door open. Initially, don't disturb or distract your pup while it is eating and learning to experience being in the crate.
2. After the Rottweiler puppy has eaten confidently with the door open for a few meals, quietly close the door while it eats.
3. Once you are sure the Rottweiler pup is confident eating in it's crate, place the pup in it at non-feeding times for a few minutes with a safe chew toy, gradually increasing the time left in the crate. Never let your Rottweiler puppy out when it is crying or barking. Only let it out when it has been quiet for at least one minute. This is critical so it will not associate acting "bad" with being rewarded by being let out of it's crate! You may use pieces of dry food or treats as a reward for being in the crate and being quiet.
4. Time in the crate should be gradually increased, keeping in mind that young pups can only "hold-it" for a few hours. A good rule of thumb is one hour for each month of age, plus one, when given the chance to eliminate just before going in the crate.
5. Crate your Rottweiler puppy any time you can't watch it closely. Rottweiler Puppies can get into trouble very quickly when not keenly supervised, and using a crate for this purpose will assist you in teaching your puppy what behavior is acceptable and what is not. It will also keep your puppy safe from household dangers that could possibly injure or endanger it's life.
Again, never discipline your Rottweiler puppy by placing it in it's crate or your pup will associate it's crate with punishment. You want the crate to be a happy, safe and peaceful place for your Rottweiler puppy.
It bears repeating, NEVER EVER leave your Rottweiler puppy or dog unattended in any crate with a collar on! If your Rottweiler catches it's collar on the crate, it can seriously injure or choke your dog!
When breeding is done properly, the puppy sales cover only a small part of the total costs of running a quality breeding program. We know how much hard work goes into making a beautiful healthy and intelligent Rottweiler and we want the people we choose for them to know and appreciate the hard work that went into creating their new companion. Every breeding is carefully planned with the union of two compatible Rottweilers, never settling for the nearest stud because of convenience. Every time we breed a litter we direct our efforts toward producing Rottweilers of exceptional quality. With the purchase of every dog/puppy comes a lifetime of breeder support.
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We are very fortunate to have such a wonderful brood bitches in our breeding program. They come from some of the top German bloodlines. Their offspring also display there exceptional type and temperament. Very powerful and grips full and hard.
On the schutzhund field she is all business. Her temperament is absolutely exceptional. We want our Rotttweilers to win in the conformation ring as well as to excel in the sport of Schutzhund. Vom Aztlan Rottweilers strives to produce a sound Rottweiler with exceptional conformation and high drive.
Please research before you buy. Most do not they breed European and/or American lines with a few German dogs scattered in the pedigree.
In addition, beware of breeders in the US who tell you they breed German Rottweilers. Many European breeders are no better than Americas backyard breeders. Most European countries do not have required breeding standards; hence, their breeding programs are inferior to German bred Rottweilers. Only German born dogs have been bred by the strictest standards in the world. Remember that many breeders will tell you that European Rottweilers or European bloodlines are the same or equal to German bred Rottweilers. We take this task of helping you in determining what temperamental attributes are best suited to your current living situation very seriously. It's our obligation as breeders to aid you and our puppies in a correct placement. All homes are interviewed to assess their needs and to determine the appropriate temperament type for their situation. All of our puppies receive Early Neurological Stimulation and are formally temperament tested.
Early handling and experienced imprinting make an enormous difference in the emotional health and stability of Rottweilers. We understand that issues can arise and we are committed to dealing with those issues fairly and honestly. VAR is dedicated to customer service. All Vom Aztlan Rottweilers are accompanied by a comprehensive warranty package providing buyer investment protection. Reserving is now easier than ever. We now accept most major credit cards as payment for our Rottweiler puppies. Please include dog number with inquiries. Adult and youth Rottweilers for sale.
He is confident and temperament tests to be kid friendly. Our male Rottweiler puppies for sale. Please include puppy number with inquiries. Click here to contact us about this puppy for sale. Our female Rottweiler puppies for sale. There are times when older puppies or adults are available to loving homes even if they are not listed. A purchase price of a puppy is only a fraction of the costs a responsible dog ownership entails, and we feel those who are unable or unwilling to afford a quality puppy will not be willing or able to afford quality care. Bargaining over a puppy or an adult dog is absolutely not acceptable in our kennel.
Within these links you can find facts about Rottweiler health, showing Rottweilers, American Rottweiler puppies, German Rottweiler puppies, Rottweiler importers, Rottweiler breed clubs, Rottweiler rescue organizations, working Rottweiler clubs, Rottweilers involved in schutzhund, Rottweiler magazines, Rottweiler puppy training, and see some very cute Rottweiler Puppy Pictures. We have compiled this list of links to share information on American and German Rottweilers. All content, images, design and code on this website are the sole property of Import Rottweiler Dot Com 1998-2007, All Rights Reserved. This site is dedicated to all the Rottweilers that have touched our lives so greatly. See our Rottweiler puppies page for details. We are currently accepting reservations for Rottweiler puppies.
Import Rottweilers Kennel has importing relationships World wide that allow us to bring the very best dogs and Rottweiler puppies back from Europe for our World Class breeding program. Our breedings are made with the priority being Quality puppies, not quantity. Full Written Rottweiler Puppy Health Guarantees and lifetime support. All of our Rottweiler puppies receive Early Neurological Stimulation and are extensively socialized.
They are part of our family and our puppies are raised with our family. We breed for those seeking puppies from only the best German Rottweiler genetics. Importing German Rottweilers and Rottweiler puppies from the top German Rottweilers Worldwide. Rottweiler puppy breeders with German Rottweiler puppies for sale, Rottweiler stud service. Rottweiler puppies for sale now. We have Top Quality Rottweiler puppies available now for reservation. German Rottweiler Breeders,Rottweiler breeder,Rottweiler for sale,Rottweiler puppies. Most importantly, we pride ourselves in following a strict code of ethics when breeding, showing, and working rottweilers. Essentially, we strive to produce rottweilers with sound temperaments, while enhancing their overall structure, and working ability. Likewise, we want to produce a strong working German rottweiler that can compete at the highest level.
We are in pursuit of producing the correct conformation rottweilers, which raises the standard to a new level. Somewhere around 2000 or so, we found ourselves showing and training rottweilers in the conformation, and working arena's. We've owned and trained German rottweilers for police protection, as well as personal protection. We've been involved with German rottweilers for many years now. We are located in Whittier, California on the out skirts of Los Angeles.
Here, our kennel sees no delineation between working and conformation German Rottweilers. We've also have an adult pet quality Rotweiler female from Slovenia that we imported and she's for sale on our Youth and Adult Rottweilers For Sale Page. We have two upcoming Rottweiler litters for sale. We hope you'll enjoy your visit and stop back by soon as we are always adding new pictures of our adults and Rottweiler puppies and information and articles about the breed. We breed Rottweilers that can live in any home and competitively compete and campaign at shows and working fields here, in Europe, and the world.
All older Rottweilers and Rottweiler puppies from this kennel are well socialized and raised inside the home. We are a code of ethics breeder and all older Rottweilers and Rottweiler puppies sold from our kennel receive hip and health guarantees and a lifetime of breeder support. We started in Rottweilers in 1992 and began breeding about 10 years later. vom Aztlan Rottweilers kennel name is registered with the American Kennel Club. We are located in Southern California in a small town called Whittier and our home is situated on one acre. We are members of the Southern California Rottweiler Klub and we show Rottweilers in mostly European or German style shows and in the International All Breed Canine Association of America. The goals we strive for are to follow the FCI Rottweiler breed standard used by the ADRK in Germany, except that we do not dock puppies tails. The results of such pairings can be seen in the consistently high quality Rottweiler puppy offspring we've produced and these puppies also have extraordinary breed type as well as sound minds and bodies. We often go to other outside kennels for breedings to stud dogs because convenience doesn't produce quality and we breed only for the improvement of the Rottweiler breed as a whole and therefore choose studs for females very selectively, often using the best bloodlines Europe and Germany have to offer.
Breeding strong masculine female Rottweilers produces the best breed type in puppies. The foundation female Rottweilers we use are the focus of our kennel and we seek out the highest quality females bred from our own breeding program and also the best Rottweilers that the top European and German kennels have to offer. At our kennel we breed only Rottweilers of substance, bone, and extremely typey heads. Our Rottweilers are primarily family companions with excellent guarding ability instincts. As Rottweiler breeders, we breed for only the best quality champions and schutzhund but occasionally can offer pet quality Rottweiler puppies. The male Rottweilers we use for stud service also offer the highest quality temperament and working ability and pass that on to their puppies.
It's always better to get recommendations and not assume. Sometimes there are big pitfalls and huge losses and expenditures. When looking for a Rottweiler dog for your family we highly recommend you only purchase from reputable breeders and know the lines you're buying from. We are proud to offer excellent working and show conformation Rottweilers who excel in just about everything from therapy work, search and rescue, tracking, hunting, dock dog competition, obedience trials, agility trials, service dogs, herding, Schutzhund, protection, flyball, carting, weight pulling dogs, jumping competition dogs, and of course show dogs, to name a few, but the thing they do best is to be your companion dog. When you consider that you get back good interest on the investment of time you give to one of these dogs, a Rottweiler is a most rewarding and satisfying canine to have around. A dog such as a Rottweiler contributes loyalty to the relationship he has with you, among other things, and in return he deserves the same from you. Raising Rottweilers with excellent care can give you a dozen or so years with your dog.
These dogs are calm, trainable, protective, courageous and devoted to their owners and family. All adult Rottweilers and Rottweiler puppies possess sound temperaments, healthy powerful bodies, excellent massive bone structure, working ability, and extremely high intelligence that we use. We breed Rottweilers with famous German pedigrees and lines and also offer German and European Rottweiler puppies for sale. Welcome to the internet home of Vom Aztlan Rottweilers. All our Rottweiler puppies, youths, adults, and imports can also be shipped internationally to many countries including... Our Rottweiler website contains German Rottweiler puppies for sale, American Rottweiler puppies for sale, import Rottweiler puppies for sale, upcoming Rottweiler puppy litters, Rottweiler studs, Rottweiler photos, Rottweiler offspring photo albums, Rottweiler pedigrees, Rottweiler training equipment, Rottweiler Schutzhund information, Rottweiler training commands, Rottweiler AKC standards, Rottweiler FCI standards, Rottweiler health information, Rottweiler dogs show, and much more.
Click here to enter my website. Rottweiler puppies for sale come with AKC registration, health guarantees, hip guarantees, copy of sire and dam pedigrees, legal contract, and Rottweilers can be sent world wide. All our Rottweiler puppies and adult Rottweilers are family raised with our three children. In our Rottweiler breedings, we strive to produce Rottweiler puppies with correct conformation, excellent temperament, good bone substance, and extraordinary heads. Our goal at VAR Rottweilers is to better the Rottweiler breed by producing top quality, sound Rottweiler puppies. With over ten years of Rottweiler breeding experience, we offer German Rottweiler puppies for sale from the best European Rottweiler bloodlines around the world, including the finest ADRK German Rottweiler studs.
We offer German Rottweiler puppies for sale for showing, Rottweiler puppies for sale for schutzhund, and Rottweiler puppies for sale for companionship. We are German Rottweiler breeders offering Rottweiler puppies for sale, Rottweiler youths for sale, Rottweilers adults for sale, and Rottweiler imports for sale. German Rottweiler puppies for sale. Reserve your puppy now by contacting us. We strive to maintain the high standard of quality of the German Rottweiler. At vom Aztlan Rottweilers, our goal is to produce beautiful Rottweiler puppies with sound temperaments, healthy in genetics, strong working ability and correct conformation, proven in pedigree. Welcome to the internet home of vom Aztlan Rottweilers. We are German Rottweiler breeders.
We also have Rottweiler studs. Also, new German Rottweiler puppies for sale. We have Rottweiler puppies for sale. We offer Rottweiler puppies for sale for showing, Rottweiler puppies for sale for schutzhund, or Rottweiler puppies for sale for companionship. German Rottweiler breeder offering Rottweiler puppies for sale, Rottweiler youths for sale, Rottweilers adults for sale, and Rottweiler imports for sale. Rotties love to please and learn new tasks, making them quite fun to train. Proper manners must be taught to ensure that they behave properly around children. These dogs love to play hard and could unintentionally injure or knock down a child. Socialization should start early by introducing the puppy to other dogs, strangers and new situations.
They need to be trained to respect and obey all family members. Like any dominant breed, Rottweilers must be handled with firm and consistent training. They should be taught from an early age what is acceptable behavior and what is not. Rottweilers are very intelligent and easily trained.
Teaching them that this is an unacceptable behavior from an early age will prevent this situation from happening. Be careful about off leash parks, as the Rottweiler is a herding dog and may try to herd running children and smaller dogs, injuring them unintentionally. They also excel in agility and obedience. Too much running and jumping can put stress on growing bones and lead to health problems in the future. Younger dogs should be watched carefully. Rottweilers are prone to obesity, so daily exercise is necessary. A natural, gentle shampoo is recommended for Rotties as they are prone to allergies. Frequent bathing is unnecessary and can lead to dry, flaky skin. Ear mites cause discomfort and pain and can lead to inner ear infections. Excessive wax and dirt in the ears could be a sign of ear mites and should be treated immediately.
If there is no ear cleaning solution available, a mixture of baby shampoo and water will suffice. A once weekly cleaning with a cotton ball and ear cleaning solution will do. The hair in between the pads of the dog should be trimmed when needed to ensure that mud and foreign objects don't become stuck and cause the dog discomfort. Rottweilers have black nails and they can be tricky to clip.
A dog should although never be left unattended with a bone or small toys, as pieces can brake off and become lodged in the dogs throat. Soup bones also help keep the teeth white and shiny and can loosen already hardened tartar. Daily brushing is a needed and will prevent large amounts of hair from being released all over the home. Rotties have a relatively short coat and not much grooming except brushing is needed. Also limiting excessive exercise after eating can prevent this condition from forming. Spreading out the daily food amount throughout the day is best advised. Bloat can be prevented by limiting the amount of food fed at one Feeding. Like all barrel chested dogs, Rotties are susceptible to Bloat. Eye problems are also a Health issue with Rotties and are inherited. They can also develop panosteitis, an intermittent lameness cause by varying bone density in young dogs.
Also ask the breeder if the dam and sire were tested for Health Problems, as most of the problems Rottweilers experience are hereditary. You can do this by limiting access to stairs, not allowing jumping and not over running the dog. This can be prevented by properly exercising the dog and making sure that as a puppy, they don't suffer any joint stress. Rottweilers are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, a malformation of the joints which can lead to crippling and a bone and cartilage problem called OCD. Harsh words and actions will hurt Rotties feelings and are not needed to train them, as they are very quick to learn. Rotties are active, happy and obedient, only wanting to please their master. As a rule, they don't bark unnecessarily and are great guard dogs, alerting when there is danger of something out of the ordinary. Males tend to be aggressive with other males, altering the dog if only a pet is suggested.
Aggressiveness is not a characteristic of properly bred Rottweiler, but can be brought out in the breed without proper training and socialization. Rottweilers are friendly but do have a natural tendency towards dominance. Mental stimulation is a must because these dogs can become bored quite easily and this can lead to destructiveness, health problems and aggressiveness. Also beware of possessiveness with food and toys. Proper socialization from puppy hood and firm handling is a must to ensure that the dog does not assume leadership of the family. Rotties are strong and possess a high pain tolerance. Being very loyal a Rottie will fight to protect their family with all they have. Children will be loved and adults will be respected, with the right training.
Family is very important to the Rottie and they are very social within the home. Rotties are quick to learn and easy to please. The Rottweiler is a very alert, loyal and loving companion. Butchers and farmers still kept this breed, probably for its protection and this was the main reason the breed survived and once their ability in police work was discovered, breeding programs to keep the Rottweiler breed going started. In 1905, there was only one known female Rottweiler in Rottweil, Germany. Because of this, Rottweilers were almost forgotten because there was not much use for them. The last century put up railways and a ban on cattle driving dogs was implemented. Originally bred for herding pig and cattle, they also excelled in guarding against highwaymen intending to rob and murder their owners on their journeys. In honor of the great dogs that were bred from the town Rottweil, the breed became known as the Rottweiler. Butchers used them to guard their meat and shops and cattle drivers used them for herding their stock and keeping them safe.
Cattle dealers and butchers especially favored this breed of dog and they started breeding programs to make the ideal dog, one that excelled in herding, guarding, loyalty and strength. The Rottweiler was used to herd the cattle to and from the markets in town. The Romans ended up in what is now Southern Germany and the city of Rottweil. Rotties accompanied the ancient Romans on their quest to conquer Europe, guarding the herd and camps. They are believed to be descendants of the drover dogs used by the Roman Empire. Rottweilers originated from Rottweil, Germany. Any other base color other than black is not accepted. Coat color should be black with tan/rust or mahogany markings. Rottweilers have an outer coat and an under coat.
The tail of a Rottie is usually docked at the first joint in Countries where this practice is still accepted, and it should lay parallel with the back. Rotties have a scissor bite. Nails are black and strong. Feet are straight with compact well arched toes.
Legs are long and well muscled. An adult Rottweiler should have a slight tuck up. Back is straight and strong. The chest is broad and deep, reaching to elbow, with well pronounced fore chest. The neck is muscular and powerful without any loose skin, sloping parallel with the back. The head is broad and has a rounded forehead. They have a strong, powerful and muscular body. Rottweilers are black in base coat color with clearly defined tan or mahogany markings on the cheeks, muzzle, chest, legs, and eyebrows. Daily exercise is a must to ensure that the Rottweiler does not become bored and destructive, regardless of it living on an acreage or in a small apartment. A house with a fenced yard or an acreage is recommended, although apartment living would be acceptable for a Rottie for they are not too active indoors.
Black with tan/rust or mahogany markings. Rottweilers are a mastiff breed and in AKC are in the working group. Click here to select your website's style. Add this content to your website for free. Please login to add/view friends online. For the private plane owner we have a nice landing field 15 minutes from our home. Additional past German Rottweiler Puppies pictures. Also check here to see Rottweiler Puppies for sale now. Vom Keiser WappenRottweilers has some exciting new litters for 2008.
See our Rottweiler puppy photo gallery, and view our last littersof Rottweiler puppies. Vom Aztlan Rottweilers has German Rottweiler puppies for sale to Show, schutzhund, ringsport, agility, guarding, and family pet homes. Instead, we look for Rottweilers from top family lines which have consistently producedpups of excellent health, temperament, working ability and conformation. In the pedigrees of our dogs and German Rottweiler puppies you will find the top show winning, working titled and puppy producing Rottweilers of current and past times. Our Rottweiler breeding program is comprised of the top German Rottweilers available anywhere in the world today. Shipping is available within the states for $350 all inclusive, overseas by quote. Check here for additional info on Rottweiler puppies for sale now. We have puppies that are available today.
Learn about our current and upcoming litters of German Rottweiler puppies. Your vom Aztlan Rottweiler puppy will be a well-adjusted, healthy companion for life. Our state-of-the-art facility was custom designed to provide maximum comfort and safety for the dogs with: o Heated kennels and dog houses o Fully lit training field o Climate controlled whelping room with air purifiers o Fiberglass whelping boxes made to our specifications o Baby/Puppy incubators o Hospital standards of cleanliness All these factors contribute to German Rottweiler puppies with superior genetics, outstanding temperaments and proper socialization. Dogs fed a specialized diet which includes various raw meat products. Dogs kept in top condition with a training program that challenges them physically and mentally. German Rottweiler puppies socialized with regular contact from children, adults and other animals. Females bred only to world-class stud dogs with superior temperaments and conformation. Rottweilers with many show and working titles.
Breeding stock certified free of hip and elbow dysplasia. Some of the best German Rottweiler bloodlines in the world. Because matching you up with the right Rottweiler puppy ensures you are happy and excited about the adventure you're embarking upon together. We insist on speaking with you personally about our dogs. At vom Aztlan Rottweilers, we treat our interactions with you as part of an ongoing relationship, not just a sales transaction. So, start by selecting a German Rottweiler breeder with a deep commitment to the breed and to customer service. The correct temperament of a Rottweiler. TheGerman bred Rottweiler has very high drives , is very intelligent , and is very athletic and muscular. The other reason is because they haven't been in the breeding of Rottweilers for very long.
This is were you get the true and complete Rottweiler. Our females are always bred to Rottweiler imports. We only deal with the best Imported European lines. Vom Aztlan Rottweilers we have been exclusively Rottweilers since 1992.
Memoriesof our past Rottweilers, letters from customers, Frequently Asked Questions, and a links page to other Rottweiler related sites, we also have our puppies contract online. You can see young Rottweilers on the for sale page. Vom Aztlan German bred Rottweiler puppies for sale. We have from our imports German Rottweiler puppies for sale,and from our Rottweiler kennel lines. Offering the best working, and show, German bred Rottweiler puppies for sale to the world, since 1992. These Rottweiler Pictures are for your enjoyment.. Our stud dogs are used through out the world and it is common to see other breeders advertising their litters. It has come to our attention that our dogs pictures are being stolen off our web site and are being displayed under false representation. Also Check out our upcoming litter. Or scroll down the page to enter our website.
Welcome to logo Our website is best viewed with the Flash Player Plugin. German Rottweilers from top German lines. Contact us for information on how to reserve your new German Rottweiler puppy. We are looking for show/working homes as well as loving pet homes.
These rottweiler puppies will be top quality with an exceptional German pedigree. German Rottweiler litters due from our top German lines. The Rottweiler is probably descended from the Italian Mastiff. This breed is an average shedder. Brush with a firm bristle brush and bathe only when necessary. Swimming or running beside a bicycle are perfect activities for this dog and it also loves retrieving a ball.
Running in the woods and in open country makes them very happy and they have no desire to wander from you. The Rottweiler needs plenty of exercise. They are relatively inactive indoors and a small yard will be sufficient. The Rottie will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. Tends to snore and overeat. This breed is susceptible to ACL damage. The breed does well in competitive obedience, schutzhund, and tracking. Strangers to whom the dog senses bad intentions from can get no further than the sidewalk. Friends and relatives of the family are normally enthusiastically welcomed.
When the Rottweiler receives consistent leadership and is trained, it will be a good playmate for the children. That is the only way your relationship can be a success. The entire pack cooperates under a single leader. The objective in training this dog is to achieve a pack leader status.
This breed needs a lot of leadership, companionship and socialization to be truly happy. Because of their size, training should begin fairly young - while the dog is still small. They are highly intelligent and have proven their worth beyond question in police, military, and customs work over many centuries. The Rottie is a natural guard dog with a mellow temperament. They require owners who can handle their massive size. Yet they can, with proper handling, also be loyal, loving and very rewarding companions.
Firm and careful training is essential for this breed, otherwise you may end up with a very powerful and overly aggressive dog. These are strong fighters that seem immune to pain. Protective, he will defend his family fiercely. They have a reliable temperament. The Rottie is calm, trainable, courageous, and devoted to their owner and family. Some who have stated this argument have said, "a German Rottweiler is one born in Germany and an American Rottweiler is born in America." In any case, there are breeders breeding for the German Rottweiler look, which goes outside the AKC standard, while others are breeding for the American Rottweiler look, sticking to, or closer to, the AKC standard. Others claim a Rottweiler is a Rottweiler and there is no such thing as a German Rottie.
German Rotties are said to be shorter, stockier and have a bigger blockier head, and American Rotties are said to be taller and leggier without as blocky a head. American Rottweiler - some claim there are variations of Rotties, the German Rottweiler and the American Rottweiler. Rottweiler bitches often have large litters; 12 puppies are not uncommon. There is a deficiency in the hair gene making the coloring a lighter red. A red color with brown markings also exists. Often born with rear dewclaws, these are usually removed when the tail is docked. The tail is customarily docked. The lips are black and inside the mouth it is dark-colored. Its eyes are dark with an expression of goodwill and loyalty.
The muzzle is well-developed with a scissors bite. Muscular and athletic, it has a broad head and rounded forehead. The Rottweiler has a massive, powerful body.